Swollen Gum

Sore, swollen and bleeding gums
When you think about oral health, your focus is likely to be on preventing decays in your teeth. But it's vital to pay attention to your gums as well. Your gums play an important role, not only in your dental health, but in your overall well-being.
In many instances, swollen and bleeding gums are a sign of gum disease. But there are a number of other factors that could be causing your gum problems. Whatever the cause of your sore, painful gums, there are steps you can take to minimise gum damage and discomfort.

Causes of sore, swollen and bleeding gums:

Improper brushing technique
In your quest to keep your teeth clean, you might be tempted to brush your teeth as vigorously as you can. Your gums are made of sensitive tissue, though, so brushing the wrong way could damage them.
Whether you opt for a manual or electric toothbrush, choose one with soft nylon bristles that have blunted ends. Even though you can find brushes with medium or hard bristles, they may damage the enamel on your teeth or cause red and swollen gums.
When you brush, make sure you use gentle, circular motions to massage and clean the teeth and gums. While many people use a back-and-forth motion, this motion can actually irritate and damage your gums, making them sore and more likely to bleed or recede.

Improper flossing technique
We all know the importance of flossing every day to help remove plaque from places where your toothbrush cannot reach. To make sure that your healthy habit isn't causing swollen or bleeding gums, be gentle when you floss. Rather than forcing the floss between your teeth, carefully slide it up and down, following the curve of each tooth.


Gum disease
According to the British Dental Health Foundation, it is believed that most people suffer from a form of gum disease called gingivitis, and that gum disease is the major cause of tooth loss in adults in the UK. It is a disease that progresses slowly and with proper treatment and maintaining good oral health, it can be slowed down to a rate which means that you should be able to keep from losing your teeth, most of your life. If the disease progresses to periodontitis, a much more serious form of gum disease, then tooth loss is a possible consequence.
When people do not practice proper dental hygiene, bacteria in the mouth form plaque on the teeth. These bacteria may cause your gums to become inflamed, which results in red, swollen or bleeding gums. For many people with gingivitis, this inflammation is not painful. If you catch gingivitis early, it can be reversed and healed with proper oral hygiene. But if left untreated, gingivitis can worsen and ultimately result in loss of teeth. Be sure to seek advice if you have the following symptoms, even if you are not experiencing any discomfort
• Changes in the way teeth fit together on biting, or in the fit of partial dentures
• Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
• Gums that bleed during and after tooth brushing
• Loose or shifting teeth
• Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
• Receding gums
• Red, swollen or tender gums.